Anise Seed Essential Oil

(4)
  • Distillation Method: Steam
  • Country of Origin: Egypt
  • Plant Part: Seed
  • Latin Name: Pimpinella anisum
  • Cultivation: Certified Organic

About the Oil: Aniseed is one of the earliest aromatics mentioned in literature and is great in both massage and internal blends.

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$2.06 $1.45

Drops per ml
Blending Tips 56
Chemical Families
Sesquiterpenol N/A
Sesquiterpene N/A
Ester N/A
Primary Constituents
anethole 90.84%
estragole 90.84%
1-(3-methyl-2-butenoxy) 1.25%
linalool 0.91%
p-anisaldehyde 0.84%

Properties

Product Description

About The Plant

An annual herb that is native to Greece and Egypt but is also cultivated in India, China, Mexico, and Spain. Anise stands less than a meter high with delicate leaves and small white flowers. This Anise seed essential oil is steam distilled from the seeds of Anise grown in its native Egypt.

About The Oil

Anise Seed essential oil is warm and spicy, distilled from the common kitchen spice. The oil is often used interchangeably with that of Star Anise, both oils derive their primary therapeutic effect from trans-anethole. This is the natural constituent with the familiar licorice-like aroma similar to fennel, though sweeter. Its seeds are used as flavoring in pastries, candy, and curry dishes.

Of Interest

This plant was one of the earliest aromatics mentioned in literature. Ancient Egyptians cultivated Anise as a medicinal and culinary spice that was later adopted by the Greeks and Romans. The oil has traditionally been used to add flavor to various culinary ventures from candy and baked goods to curry dishes. Anise seed has a long history of use as a spice and medicine. Raki, a popular drink in Turkey, is flavored with the seed. Writings by Pliny The Elder suggest Anise as a morning pick-me-up.

Therapeutic Properties

THERAPEUTICS DESCRIBED BY AROMATHERAPY SPECIALISTS

From Kurt Schnaubelt’s Advanced Aromatherapy5:

Antispasmodic
Sedative
Stabilizing
Calms the nervous system
Minimizes overexcitement
Stabilizing effects following a hangover
From Salvatore Battaglia’s The Complete Guide to Aromatherapy1:

Antiseptic
Antispasmodic
Carminative
Expectorant
Stimulant
Stomachic
Beneficial for digestive problems
Stimulates milk flow for nursing mothers
Warming and drying
Beneficial for chronic illnesses and for those who are overworked
Warm uplifting & comforting effect

PROPERTIES OF ANGELICA REPORTED IN PEER-REVIEWED RESEARCH

Antibacterial3
Antifungal
Muscle relaxant5
Anticonvulsant6
Gastrointestinal benefits7
Anti-ulcer7
Anti-nausea8
Laxative9
Analgesic10
Anti-inflammatory11
Reduces menopausal side-effects12
Relieves menstrual cramping13
Antioxidant activity14
Antiviral15
Beneficial for diabetic patients16

SUMMARY OF RESEARCH STUDIES

Aniseed extract showed significant antibacterial activity in vitro. The researchers suggest that it may be an effective natural alternative to traditional antibiotics.3
A study found that anethole, one of the main components of aniseed essential oil (90% concentration), has strong antifungal activity in vitro.4
In a study using guinea pig tracheal chains, a common technique used for studying antispasmodic and bronchodilatory potential, found that aniseed extract had a significant relaxant effect. These results suggest that aniseed may have benefits for calming spasmodic coughing and for opening the airway.5
Aniseed essential oil had anti-seizure effects in mice.6
Aniseed solution protected against the formation of ulcers in rats.7
In a case study on cancer patients, subjects were dosed with a combination of essential oils, including aniseed, sweet fennel, Roman chamomile, and peppermint. This natural blend was reported to provide relief from nausea.8
A clinical trial found that a natural remedy containing aniseed and other plant materials provided significant relief from chronic constipation.9
Aniseed extract was shown to have significant pain-relieving effects in a study on mice.10
Anise extract was found to have anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects similar to certain doses of prescription anti-inflammatory drugs, aspirin, and morphine in a study on rats.11
In a double-blind randomized clinical trial, postmenopausal women took anise capsules 3 times daily over a 4-week period. These subjects showed significantly reduced frequency and severity of hot flashes compared to the control group.12
In a randomized, double‐blind, placebo‐controlled pilot trial, an herbal drug containing saffron, celery seed, and anise was given to women with dysmenorrhea (recurrent pain with menstruation) during their menstrual period and was found to be effective in relieving menstrual cramp pain.13
An ethanol extract of aniseed showed significant antioxidant activity in vitro.14
Aniseed extracted by hot water showed significant antiviral activity against herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2 (HSV-1 and -2), human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) and measles virus in vitro.15
A clinical trial with type 2 diabetes patients found that both aniseed and coriander powder had antidiabetic, hypolipidemic and antioxidant activities.16

Application

PERSONALITIES

Good for introverted, melancholic or fearful people who tend to be withdrawn or frigid

INHALATION

Direct inhalation
Diffuser
Oil vaporizer

TOPICAL

Massage to invigorate and replenish
To quell stomach cramps

INTERNAL

Ingestion: 2-4 drops for digestion, 1 drop on a teaspoon of sugar to restore equilibrium to the autonomic nervous system

Aromatherapy Details

Essential oil of Aniseed is colorless to pale yellow with a fresh, spicy-sweet characteristic scent. Like Star Anise, it is a good masking agent. It is considered a middle note and blends well with Bay Laurel, Black Pepper, Ginger, Lavender, Orange, Pine, and Rose.

Safety

Information: Various precautions for those with hypersensitive skin or with skin problems. Tisserand and Young recommend a dermal maximum of 1.75%. They indicate that it may inhibit blood clotting and that it is contraindicated in pregnancy, breastfeeding, endometriosis, and estrogen-dependent cancers. Avoid use with children under 5. Avoid use of the oil if it has oxidized. [Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young, Essential Oil Safety (Second Edition. United Kingdom: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier, 2014), 197.]

Always test a small amount first for sensitivity or allergic reaction.

References

1. Schnaubelt, Kurt. Advanced Aromatherapy: The Science of Essential Oil Therapy. Healing Arts Press, 1998.

2. Battaglia, Salvatore. The Complete Guide to Aromatherapy. International Centre of Holystic Aromatherapy, 2003.

3. Akhtar A, Deshmukh AA, Bhonsle AV, et al. In vitro Antibacterial activity of Pimpinella anisum fruit extracts against some pathogenic bacteria. Veterinary World. vol. 1, no. 9, 2008, pp. 272–274.

4. Shukla, H. S., and S. C. Tripathi. “Antifungal Substance in the Essential Oil of Anise (Pimpinella Anisum L.).” Agricultural and Biological Chemistry, vol. 51, no. 7, 1987, pp. 1991–1993., doi:10.1271/bbb1961.51.1991.

5. Boskabady, M.h, and M Ramazani-Assari. “Relaxant Effect of Pimpinella Anisum on Isolated Guinea Pig Tracheal Chains and Its Possible Mechanism(s).” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 74, no. 1, 2001, pp. 83–88., doi:10.1016/s0378-8741(00)00314-7.

6. Pourgholami, M.h, et al. “The Fruit Essential Oil of Pimpinella Anisum Exerts Anticonvulsant Effects in Mice.” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 66, no. 2, 1999, pp. 211–215., doi:10.1016/s0378-8741(98)00161-5.

7. Mofleh, Ibrahim A Al, et al. “Aqueous Suspension of Anise (Pimpinella Anisum) Protects Rats against Chemically Induced Gastric Ulcers.” World Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 13, no. 7, 2007, p. 1112., doi:10.3748/wjg.v13.i7.1112.

8. Gilligan, N. “The Palliation of Nausea in Hospice and Palliative Care Patients with Essential Oils of Pimpinella Anisum (Aniseed), Foeniculum Vulgare Var. Dulce (Sweet Fennel), Anthemis Nobilis (Roman Chamomile) and Mentha x Piperita (Peppermint).” International Journal of Aromatherapy, vol. 15, no. 4, 2005, pp. 163–167., doi:10.1016/j.ijat.2005.10.012.

9. Picon, Paulo D, et al. “Randomized Clinical Trial of a Phytotherapic Compound Containing Pimpinella Anisum, Foeniculum Vulgare, Sambucus Nigra, and Cassia Augustifolia for Chronic Constipation.” BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 10, no. 1, 2010, doi:10.1186/1472-6882-10-17.

10. Tas, A. “Analgesic Effect of Pimpinella Anisum L. Essential Oil Extract in Mice.” Indian Veterinary Journal, vol. 86, no. 2, 2009, pp. 145–147.

11. Tas A, Özbek H, Atasoy N, Altug ME, Ceylan E. “Evaluation of Analgesic and Anti-inflammatory Activity of Pimpinella anisum Fixed Oil Extract.” Indian Veterinary Journal. vol. 83, no. 8, 2006, pp. 840–843.

12. Nahidi, Fatemeh et al. “The Study on the Effects of Pimpinella Anisum on Relief and Recurrence of Menopausal Hot Flashes.” Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR vol. 11, no. 4, 2012, pp. 1079–1085.

13. Nahid, Khodakrami, et al. “The Effect of an Iranian Herbal Drug on Primary Dysmenorrhea: A Clinical Controlled Trial.” Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health, vol. 54, no. 5, 2009, pp. 401–404., doi:10.1016/j.jmwh.2008.12.006.

14. Nickavar B, Abolhasani FAS. Screening of antioxidant properties of seven Umbelliferae fruits from Iran. Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. vol. 220, no. 1, 2009, pp. 30–35.

15. Lee, Jung-Bum, et al. “Antiviral and Immunostimulating Effects of Lignin-Carbohydrate-Protein Complexes from Pimpinella Anisum.” Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry, vol. 75, no. 3, 2011, pp. 459–465., doi:10.1271/bbb.100645.

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