Bergamot Essential Oil – Organic
- Distillation Method: Cold Pressed
- Country of Origin: Italy
- Plant Part: Peel
- Latin Name: Citrus aurantium bergamia
- Cultivation: Certified Organic
About the Oil: This is an exceptional oil with a complexity of notes we’ve not experienced in any other Bergamot with a wonderful, rich, sweet-tart aroma. It is powerfully stress relieving and uplifting.
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About The Plant
Citrus bergamia, also called Citrus aurantium bergamia is native to the Mediterranean region growing to 12 meters in height when uncultivated. Bergamot originates from a small coastal area of southern Calabria in Italy where the trees grow to their fullest. The tree has smooth oval leaves and produces small yellow fruit that are very bitter and thus, normally not eaten. Unable to be propagated by seed, Bergamot cuttings are often grafted onto other citrus tree's root stock such as lemon or bitter orange.
About The Oil
The fruit from which Bergamot is pressed actually produces four common essential oils: Bergamot, Neroli (steam distilled from the flowers which become the fruit), Petitgrain (French for 'small grains' from leaves and branches with unripe fruit, the 'petit' grains) and "Neroli Petitgrain" (steam distilled oil from the leaves and branches of the tree when the branches are in full bloom).
These Bergamot oils are cold pressed from the peels of ripe fruit grown in Italy. The soil and conditions of Italy are known to produce the finest bergamot oils in the world. These are wonderful 100% pure Bergamot essential oils with beautiful, full bouquets. The organic Italian is absolutely exceptional, with an incredible body we've never experienced in any other Bergamot. It has a wonderful, rich, tart-sweet aroma. Customers have told us this is the best they've ever found, and we very much agree. We've also included a Bergaptene-Free (BPF) Bergamot oil for use in skin care, or anywhere photosensitivity created by Bergamot would be a concern. No matter what your application, enjoy!
Bergamot essential oil is named after the Italian city of Bergamo in Lombardy, where the oil was first sold. It was a primary ingredient in one of the first 'eau de cologne' formulas, and continues to this day to be found in a number of 'high end' perfumes and colognes. The essential oil is also notably found in Earl Grey Tea, a black tea lightly flavored by Bergamot.
THERAPEUTICS DESCRIBED BY AROMATHERAPY SPECIALISTS
From Chrissie Wildwood’s The Encyclopedia of Aromatherapy1:
From Salvatore Battaglia’s The Complete Guide to Aromatherapy2:
Therapeutic for nervous indigestion
Combats loss of appetite
Relieves emotional stress
Sedative, yet uplifting
Recommended for tension, anxiety, and depression
Mojay: “bergamot encourages the release of pent up feelings…helps us to relax and ‘let go’.”
Fisher-Rizzi: “bergamot’s sunny and warming disposition helps people regain self-confidence, and it uplifts and refreshes the spirit”
PROPERTIES OF BERGAMOT REPORTED IN PEER-REVIEWED RESEARCH
Psychological and physiological benefits4
Minimizes symptoms of stress-induced anxiety4
Combats mild mood disorders 4
Relieves cancer pain5,6
SUMMARY OF RESEARCH STUDIES
Application of bergamot essential oil minimized the pain response to capsaicin in mice. The researchers suggest that linalool, one of the main components of bergamot, may be responsible for this pain-blocking property.3
Subjects who inhaled bergamot vapor showed significantly reduced negative emotions and fatigue. Inhaling bergamot also effectively reduced cortisol (stress hormone) levels in less than 30 minutes.4
An in vitro study found that bergamot had a significant protective effect against neuronal damage and cell death caused by excitotoxins (like MSG). These toxins are known to overstimulate and damage neural receptors.7
Limonene and linalyl acetate, two of the primary constituents of bergamot, were shown to have a synergistic effect that activates multiple death pathways in cancer cells.8
Researchers have created special formulations of bergamot essential oil, called liposomes, which are designed to improve water solubility and bioavailability and increase its cancer-fighting activity.9
Studies have found that a coating of bergamot oil can act as a natural preservative and antimicrobial agent to keep produce fresher longer.10
Bergamot has shown significant antifungal activity, which may make it a useful topical antifungal application.11
The green color of bergamot has an affinity with the heart chakra, and is useful when the heart chakra is affected by grief.
Direct inhalation, diffuser, oil vaporizer
Massage, compress, bath, sitz bath, douche, skin care
Apply to forehead and temples for stress relief and mood elevation.
Dilute and apply where you would a deodorant.
As a natural skin toner and detoxifier, it may have beneficial effects on oily skin conditions and acne.
Bergamot can be used orally for help with halitosis (bad breath), canker sores, sore throats. Note that only one to five drops are ever used at any one time, and not for long periods. Because it is from the peel of a fruit, it is generally safer in this regard than other oils.
Bergamot essential oil is subtle and uplifting, uniting the one of the most enticing perfume aromas with the possibility of powerful healing effects. This light greenish-yellow Bergamot has a fresh, sweet-tart, orange-fruit scent, with a slightly spicy balsamic undertone. This is a truly wonderful Bergamot, with a more exquisite combination of notes than any we've ever tried.
Bergamot can have a range of aroma's and aromatic intensities. There are some that are produced from fruit which are not picked quite at the right time, or perhaps have not had ideal rains and temperatures for the season, resulting in an aroma that may seem weak or 'incomplete' when sampled. The finer the essential oil, the more complex its aroma will be, with the very best being both notably sweet and tart at the same time. We have found this to be the case with our organic variety. While we have sampled oils that are a little sweeter, and some that are a little more sour, there have been no others so well rounded as this one.
Bergamot essential oil blends well with: Chamomile, Geranium, Lavender, French, Lemon, Orange, Neroli, and Ylang Ylang essential oils.
Bergamot oil is considered non-toxic, yet it does contain bergaptene, a constituent that can be phototoxic and therefore skin should not be exposed to significant amounts of direct sunlight for 72 hours after topical application. If sun exposure is imminent use the Bergaptene-Free Bergamot essential oil. Further, Bergamot oil is only recommended for use at low concentrations (3% or less in carrier oil), as it can irritate the skin.
If pregnant or breastfeeding, consultation with a physician is recommended.
1. Wildwood, Christine. Encyclopedia of Aromatherapy. Healing Arts Press, 2000.
2. Battaglia, Salvatore. The Complete Guide to Aromatherapy. International Centre of Holystic Aromatherapy, 2003.
3. Sakurada, Tsukasa, et al. “Intraplantar Injection Of Bergamot Essential Oil Into The Mouse Hindpaw.” International Review of Neurobiology, 2009, pp. 237–248., doi:10.1016/s0074-7742(09)85018-6.
4. Watanabe, Eri, et al. “Effects of Bergamot (Citrus Bergamia(Risso) Wright & Arn.) Essential Oil Aromatherapy on Mood States, Parasympathetic Nervous System Activity, and Salivary Cortisol Levels in 41 Healthy Females.” Complementary Medicine Research, vol. 22, no. 1, 2015, pp. 43–49., doi:10.1159/000380989.
5. Navarra, Michele, et al. “Citrus Bergamia Essential Oil: from Basic Research to Clinical Application.” Frontiers in Pharmacology, vol. 6, 2 Mar. 2015, doi:10.3389/fphar.2015.00036.
6. Bagetta, Giacinto, et al. “Neuropharmacology of the Essential Oil of Bergamot.” Fitoterapia, vol. 81, no. 6, 2010, pp. 453–461., doi:10.1016/j.fitote.2010.01.013.
7. Corasaniti, M T, et al. “Cell Signaling Pathways in the Mechanisms of Neuroprotection Afforded by Bergamot Essential Oil against NMDA-Induced Cell Death in Vitro.” British Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 151, no. 4, June 2007, pp. 518–529., doi:10.1038/sj.bjp.0707237.
8. Russo, Rossella, et al. “Implication of Limonene and Linalyl Acetate in Cytotoxicity Induced by Bergamot Essential Oil in Human Neuroblastoma Cells.” Fitoterapia, vol. 89, 2013, pp. 48–57., doi:10.1016/j.fitote.2013.05.014.
9. Celia, Christian, et al. “Anticancer Activity of Liposomal Bergamot Essential Oil (BEO) on Human Neuroblastoma Cells.” Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, vol. 112, 2013, pp. 548–553., doi:10.1016/j.colsurfb.2013.09.017.