- Distillation Method: CO2-se
- Country of Origin: Comoro
- Plant Part: Bud
- Latin Name: Eugenia Caryophyllata
- Cultivation: Naturally Grown
About the Oil: Clove Essential Oil has the highest antioxidant capability (ORAC value) of any essential oil (read cautions before ingesting). It has been included in ‘longevity’ formulas for this reason.
Note: CO2 extracts generally include some larger molecules compared to their steam-distilled counterparts. Some may not be suitable for use in a nebulizing diffuser (unless blended with a thinner oil) – though most will be just fine in an ‘ultrasonic’ unit. Learn more about CO2 extracts on our Making Essential Oils page.
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About The Plant
Clove is a medium sized evergreen tree native to Indonesia. Clove buds are a widely used spice and flavor ingredient. Our Clove Bud essential oil is made from the immature buds and is the safest type of clove oil, but still should be use with caution (use in low dilution of 1% or less).
About The Oil
We offer two Clove essential oils: an organic CO2 processed oil, and a wild-grown organically steam distilled oil. The CO2 process benefits the distillation as it seems to with all spice oils, resulting in a more viscous and complex oil with a more tenacious scent. It is the best choice for antimicrobial purposes. The wild crafted Madagascar clove is simply wonderful, being spicy, warm and sweet. For aromatic purposes this is likely the best choice.
Due to its exceptional antioxidant capabilities and its efficacy as a dietary supplement (read cautions before ingestion), Clove Essential Oil has been included in many recipes for health and long life.
During the Renaissance, Clove oil was used to mitigate the spread of epidemics and plague, thanks to its strong anti-microbial actions. In TCM, the oil was first used as a remedy for bad breath. Currently, the whole and ground spices are principally used for culinary spices, and to produce pickles and sauces. Indonesia is one of the largest consumers of cloves, mostly for the manufacture of the kretek cigarette.
THERAPEUTICS DESCRIBED BY AROMATHERAPY SPECIALISTS
From Chrissie Wildwood’s The Encyclopedia of Aromatherapy1:
From Salvatore Battaglia’s The Complete Guide to Aromatherapy2:
Beneficial for conditions associated with cold
Dynamic & self-assured
Full of energy
PROPERTIES OF CLOVE REPORTED IN PEER-REVIEWED RESEARCH
SUMMARY OF RESEARCH STUDIES
Clove essential oil was found to have significant pain-relieving and memory improving effects in mice.3
Clove essential oil showed anti-inflammatory and pain blocking activity in a study on rats, which the researchers cite as "support for the popular use of eugenol in folk medicine for some inflammatory and pain ailments."4
Clove essential oil exhibited significant anti-inflammatory and regeneration effects on human skin cells in vitro.5
An in vitro study found that clove essential oil has significantly stronger antioxidant activity than common synthetic antioxidants. It also showed strong antifungal activity.6
A number of the primary compounds found in clove essential oil were found to act as detoxifying agents in mouse liver and intestine, which supports the potential of clove as an anti-carcinogen.7
Eugenol extracted from clove essential oil induced cell death of leukemia cancer cells in vitro.8
Eugenol from clove oil was also found to reverse the spread of cervical cancer cells in vitro.9
Direct inhalation, diffuser, oil vaporizer
Massage, compress, ointment
Dilute to a solution of 1% or less, as Clove can be irritating to skin. Great for massaging sore joints.
A drop or two of Clove oil added to a cotton swab and applied directly to mouth sores or aching teeth alleviates pain for hours.
Add one or two drops to 4 ounces of water and gargle. Clove oil can also be consumed internally in the same fashion.
Clove essential oil is a yellow liquid with a spicy, warm, sweet aroma and a fresh top note.
Clove blends well with: Bay Laurel, Bergamot, Cardamom, Cinnamon, Clary Sage, Ginger, Grapefruit, Lavender, Lemon, Nutmeg, Orange, Peppermint, Rose, Rosemary, Vanilla, and Ylang Ylang. A potent mental tonic, Clove mixed with Peppermint wards off drowsiness.
For measuring blends using % concentrations, or for measuring fractions of milliliters, see measuring essential oils. Also see our aromatherapy essential oils recipes page.
Clove Essential oil has been reported to be a dermal (skin) irritant, and sensitizer. When using topically, take care to heavily dilute blends with carrier oil. Always test a small amount of essential oil first for sensitivity or allergic reaction.
KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN; high doses of Clove oil can be near fatal, especially in small children.
If pregnant or nursing, seek the advice of your medical practitioner.
Can act as a blood thinner, and SHOULD BE AVOIDED IF USING A PRESCRIPTION BLOOD THINNER SUCH AS COUMARIN OR WARFARIN.
1. Wildwood, Christine. Encyclopedia of Aromatherapy. Healing Arts Press, 2000.
2. Battaglia, Salvatore. The Complete Guide to Aromatherapy. International Centre of Holystic Aromatherapy, 2003.
3. Halder, Sumita, et al. "Acute effect of essential oil of Eugenia caryophyllata on cognition and pain in mice." Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology 385.6 (2012): 587-593.
4. Daniel, A. N., et al. “Anti-Inflammatory and Antinociceptive Activities of Eugenol Essential Oil in Experimental Animal Models.” Revista Brasileira De Farmacognosia, vol. 19, no. 1b, Mar. 2009, pp. 212–217., doi:10.1590/s0102-695x2009000200006.
5. Han, Xuesheng and Parker, Tory L. “Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Clove (Eugenia Caryophyllata) Essential Oil in Human Dermal Fibroblasts.” Pharmaceutical Biology, vol. 55, no. 1, Dec. 2017, pp. 1619–1622., doi:10.1080/13880209.2017.1314513.
6. Chaieb, Kamel, et al. “Antioxidant Properties of the Essential Oil of Eugenia Caryophyllata and Its Antifungal Activity against a Large Number of Clinical Candida Species.” Mycoses, vol. 50, no. 5, 2 May 2007, pp. 403–406., doi:10.1111/j.1439-0507.2007.01391.x.
7. Zheng, Guo-Qiang, et al. “Sesquiterpenes from Clove (Eugenia Caryophyllata) as Potential Anticarcinogenic Agents.” Journal of Natural Products, vol. 55, no. 7, July 1992, pp. 999–1003., doi:10.1021/np50085a029.
8. Yoo, Chae-Bin, et al. “Eugenol Isolated from the Essential Oil of Eugenia Caryophyllata Induces a Reactive Oxygen Species-Mediated Apoptosis in HL-60 Human Promyelocytic Leukemia Cells.” Cancer Letters, vol. 225, no. 1, 8 July 2005, pp. 41–52., doi:10.1016/j.canlet.2004.11.018.
9. Chang, Wei-Chun, et al. “The Analysis of Eugenol from the Essential Oil of Eugenia Caryophyllata by HPLC and against the Proliferation of Cervical Cancer Cells.” Journal of Medicinal Plant Research, vol. 5, no. 7, Apr. 2011, pp. 1121–1127.