Geranium Essential Oil
- Distillation Method: Steam
- Country of Origin: Egypt
- Plant Part: Flowers, Flowering Tops and Leaves
- Latin Name: Pelargonium graveolens
- Cultivation: Naturally Grown
About the Oil: As well as having a balancing effect on the mind and emotions, this uplifting essential oil has a great allover balancing property which extends all the way out to the skin.
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About The Plant
Often planted around the home for protection, beauty, and aroma, Geranium is a familiar perennial shrub that grows in stands between three four feet high in herb gardens. The shrub has pointed leaves that are serrated at the edges and hosts delightful pink to white flowers. The name Geranium derives from the Greek word geranos or ‘crane' because the seed pods resemble the shape of crane's bills.
The plants originated from South Africa, as well as Egypt, Madagascar, and Morocco, and were introduced to European countries such as Italy, Spain and France in the 17th century. Although there are nearly 700 different varieties of Geranium only ten of these supply essential oil in viable quantities and only the scented varieties of Pelargonium are used for the essential oil. Geranium essential oil was first distilled in 1819 for use in the French perfume industry for ‘rose geranium oil'.
About The Oil
Our Geranium essential oil is steam distilled from the tops and flowers of plants organically grown in Africa. The oil is a light 'peridot' green with an aroma that is rich, almost “spicy, incredibly fresh, complex and full-bodied. It is also a sub-species of Pelargonium graviolens, called "x asperum", especially known for its anti-microbial properties.
There are in fact two species of Pelargonium distilled to essential oil: 'graveolens', which is the common Geranium, and 'roseum' or 'Rose Geranium' oil. Rose Geranium is high in geraniol with a more rose-like aroma than this 'graveolens' species that produces an oil with a higher citronellol content, and a correspondingly more citrus-noted aroma.
Best when steam distilled, Geranium essential oil is a great balancer. Use confidently in blends to balance the heaven and earth qualities of other oils.
First used as an elixir for anxiety, Geranium was used by the ancestors as a remedy for wounds and skin care.
THERAPEUTICS DESCRIBED BY AROMATHERAPY SPECIALISTS
From Chrissie Wildwood’s The Encyclopedia of Aromatherapy1:
Refreshing & uplifting
From Salvatore Battaglia’s The Complete Guide to Aromatherapy2:
Recommended in a bath for regulating the nervous system
Uplifting & sedative
Calms the mind
Relaxes the body
Eases frustration & irritability
Ideal for reconnecting with “imagination, intuition, and sensory experience”
PROPERTIES OF GERANIUM REPORTED IN PEER-REVIEWED RESEARCH
SUMMARY OF RESEARCH STUDIES
Geranium essential oil was tested for antioxidant and anti-cancer activity in vitro. The results showed that the oil has significant antioxidant properties and also killed leukemia cancer cells in a cell culture.3
Geranium essential oil was tested against multiple fungal species and was found to have strong antifungal activity. This study also reported significant antioxidant activity as well.<sup<4
A gel containing geranium was used in patients with oral inflammation from wearing dentures and was shown to be highly effective in clearing the inflammation and in killing the fungal infection that contributes to the inflammation.5
Geranium essential oil was found to have significant antibacterial effects against multiple strains of bacteria tested in vitro.6
Oral doses of geranium essential oil administered to diabetic rats was found to significantly lower serum glucose levels and may have potential "as a safe alternative antihyperglycemic drug for diabetic patients."7
Geraniol and beta-citronellol, the two main constituents of geranium essential oil, were found to be toxic to mites. They were more effective than DEET and have excellent potential as mite-control agents.8
Direct inhalation, diffuser, oil vaporizer
As both a sedative and uplifting oil, Geranium's action on the nervous system is pronounced. Similar to both Basil and Rosemary, Geranium is a stimulant of the adrenal cortex, whose hormones are essentially of a balancing nature. Consequently it is indicated when the hormonal system needs balancing.
Use in a diffuser to disinfect room air and create a pleasant environment.
Add a few drops to a nebulizing diffuser or dilute in water to use in a humidifier.
Massage, compress, bath, ointment, skincare
As well as having a balancing effect on the mind, this uplifting essential oil has a great allover balancing property that also extends to the skin, where it helps to create balance between oily and dry skin. An astringent that is not dying, Geranium is soothing to the mucus membranes of the skin. Geranium helps to cleanse the skin as well as to restore balance, tone, and suppleness.
Add to baths or apply to skin in a carrier oil for general skin care. Excellent in massage oil blends – dilute to 10% in your favorite carrier oil.
Apply directly to the skin or dilute with a non-scented massage oil such as jojoba.
Listed as : GRAS (the Food and Drug Administration's food additive label: 'Generally Recognized as Safe').
Geranium has a bright, lightly floral aroma, with delicate and intricate notes, that is at the same time rich, almost “spicy, incredibly fresh, complex and full-bodied.
The delicate characteristics of this oil mean that it has the potential to blend well with a wide array of essential oils including: Eucalyptus, Lavender, Clary Sage, Rose, Lime, Orange, Frankincense, Grapefruit, and Ylang Ylang.
Generally non-toxic, non-irritant and non-sensitizing. Always test a small amount first for sensitivity or allergic reaction. Use caution to avoid use with dermatitis in hypersensitive persons.
Avoid use during pregnancy or when breast-feeding. If intending to ingest this oil, consultation with a physician is recommended.
1. Wildwood, Christine. Encyclopedia of Aromatherapy. Healing Arts Press, 2000.
2. Battaglia, Salvatore. The Complete Guide to Aromatherapy. International Centre of Holistic Aromatherapy, 2003.
3. Fayed, Sayed A. “Antioxidant and Anticancer Activities of Citrus Reticulate (Petitgrain Mandarin) and Pelargonium Graveolens (Geranium) Essential Oils.” Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences, vol. 5, no. 5, 2009, pp. 740–747.
4. Dzamic, Ana M. “Chemical Composition, Antifungal and Antioxidant Activity of Pelargonium Graveolens Essential Oil.” Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science, vol. 4, no. 3, Mar. 2013, pp. 01–05., doi:10.7324/japs.2014.40301.
5. Sabzghabaee, Alimohammad, et al. “Clinical Evaluation of the Essential Oil of Pelargonium Graveolens for the Treatment of Denture Stomatitis.” Dental Research Journal, vol. 8, no. Suppl.1, Dec. 2011, pp. S105–S108., doi:10.4103/1735-3327.95236.
6. Ghannadi, A et al. “Antibacterial Activity and Composition of Essential Oils from Pelargonium Graveolens L’Her and Vitex Agnus-Castus L.” Iranian Journal of Microbiology, no. 4, vol. 4, 2012, pp. 171–176.
7. Boukhris, Maher, et al. “Hypoglycemic and Antioxidant Effects of Leaf Essential Oil of Pelargonium Graveolens Lâ€™Her in Alloxan Induced Diabetic Rats.” Lipids in Health and Disease, vol. 11, no. 1, June 2012, p. 81., doi:10.1186/1476-511x-11-81.
8. Jeon, J. H. “Mite-Control Activities of Active Constituents Isolated from Pelargonium Graveolens against House Dust Mites.” Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, vol. 18, no. 10, Oct. 2010, pp. 1666–1671.